How To Know If You Suffer From Rosacea

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rosaceaRosacea is a common chronic skin condition of the face. The most striking about this condition is the bright red color of the cheeks and nose. The actual meaning of the word Rosacea is literally read as a rose.

The four main symptoms of this disease are redness, small surface veins – also known as spider veins – bumps and pimples. The condition may in fact resemble acne, but should not be confused with it.

Rosacea usually appears on a later age than acne, and is not frequently seen in people younger than 30 years of age. Especially middle-aged women often suffer from the condition. In men it is less common. Eye disorders are also a frequent symptom of Rosacea and these disorders can range from mild to severe.

Even though the condition is persistent, it is still treatable. Unfortunately, the symptoms frequently recur even after treatment. In general, Rosacea is not a threat to the health. The majority of patients in fact seek help because of the cosmetically disturbing symptoms.

What Are The Causes Of Rosacea?

spicy foodsThe actual cause of the condition remains unknown. However, the severity of this skin disease can be influenced by external factors, which may cause the symptoms to increase.

Examples of such external factors include heat, sunlight, cosmetics, skin care products and certain kinds of medication.

Drugs that contain costicosteroids may cause or aggravate the condition, both through oral use or when applied to the skin. A causative role of the diet has never been proven, yet our diets are able to temporarily worsen the symptoms of redness, especially when drinking alcohol or eating spicy foods.

How To Know If You Are Suffering From Rosacea

rosaceaRosacea usually occurs around the age of 30 and is more common in women than in men. It mainly affects people with a light skin type. The symptoms of this condition are mainly localized around the nose, cheeks, forehead and around the chin.

The main symptoms include facial flushing, persistent redness of the face, bumps, pimples and surface veins. Most often, the color varies from pink to purple-red.

Facial flushing can be triggered by emotions as well as external factors, such as heat, sunlight, alcoholic drinks, hot or spicy foods and menopause. A less common symptom of the condition is swelling of the skin.

This swelling can be caused by fluid retention in the face and is called edema, where the swelling feels soft and diappears again on its own. Swelling of the face can also be caused by an increase in connective tissue in the skin. This feels lumpy and hard and does not necessarily have to go away by its own.

The best-known example of this is rhinophyma, which is formed by an enlargement of the sebaceous glands and afterwards the increase of connective tissue on the nose. This will cause the nose to swell up and look rather knobby. This symptom is often referred to as a cauliflower nose. Rhinophyma occurs almost exclusively in older men.

rosaceaAbout half of the people that suffer from Rosacea also suffer from eye disorders. Conditions of the eye that can occur in combination with Rosacea are mainly an inflammation of the eyelids, the cornea and the conjunctiva.

The most common symptoms are dry, burning, stinging or watery eyes and a feeling as if there is something in the eye, such as a grain of sand. Migraines are also a fairly common symptom in people with this condition, especially those that also suffer from blushing. In some cases, Rosacea may also cause eczema.

How Is Rosacea Diagnosed?

DoctorIn most cases, your primary health care physician will have no problem diagnosing this condition and there will be no further research needed, except the external inspection of the skin.

All kinds of abnormalities in the face that are associated with redness, dilated blood vessels or other symptoms may cause confusion. Therefore, a skin biopsy will be required for microscopic tissue examination.

During a skin biopsy, a piece of skin of a few millimeters in diameter is removed under local anesthesia. Only in certain cases will the dermatologist have to perform allergy testing to rule out additional allergies for products such as cosmetics for example.

What Is The Best Treatment Of This Condition?

Even though the condition is usually easy to treat, it is rarely curable. Most people will suffer from reoccurring symptoms after six months of seizing the treatment. A milder form of this condition will first be treated with a topical treatment consisting of a cream or a gel.

If this does not yield the adequate results, a treatment with special medication is chosen. Severe Rosacea will be treated with a combination of medication as well as external therapy of the skin. If you believe you might be suffering from this condition, see your doctor immediately.

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