Treatments for Rosacea


Rosacea is a chronic acne like skin disorder that affects many people around the world. The main symptoms of Rosacea are redness of skin, small reddish eruptions on the face, visible rupture of small blood vessels, cysts and red eyes.
There are various treatments for Rosacea depending on the severity and the extent of symptoms.

Here is a list of some of the treatments for Rosacea:

Laser and Intense Pulsed Light

Many patients resort to laser and pulsed light treatments to soothe dilated blood vessels and redness on the chest, neck and face. Often regarded as the best treatment for Rosacea and a safe alternative, laser and pulsed light based therapy can help to remarkably improve the skin and complexion.

Laser treatment of Rosacea can be a little uncomfortable, but it is definitely not painful. A brief stinging sensation cannot be tolerated by all the patients and there may be a need to use anesthetic creams for topical application or ice to relieve the discomfort.

Laser therapy has been in use for many years and is considered the primary treatment for Rosacea in which pulsed laser is usually used to reduce the signs of Rosacea. In this form of treatment, powerful beams of light are bombarded on visible blood vessels and the lesions just under the skin. The energy of the laser beam produces heat that gets accumulated in the blood vessels and ultimately destroys the abnormal vessels.

Many patients experience significant improvement in the texture of their skin after just one session of laser therapy. Lasers can reduce the redness, pain and swelling that is observed in Rosacea patients to a great extent. Several sessions are usually required to get the best possible results. With each session, there is a consistent reduction of the symptoms of Rosacea.
It is recommended to undergo a laser treatment at intervals of three to six weeks and it is necessary to avoid exposure to the sun during this time period. Before treatment, it is recommended to consult a doctor illustrating the risks, benefits and alternatives.

Most people undergoing laser treatment experience the dramatic results that can be long lasting, if sun exposure is avoided. Skin care by using a strong sunscreen daily is necessary to maintain the results after treatment. Treating Rosacea with laser requires skilled doctors for getting the desired results as circular marks may appear on the skin during this treatment. The side effects of laser therapy are temporary usually lasting for 2-3 days.

Photodynamic therapy

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a newly found treatment for Rosacea that has gained popularity. PDT uses a liquid photo-sensitizer that is put on the affected area of the skin and then a light activates the sensitizer. The use of PDT for the treatment of Rosacea is considered to some extent off-label, since it is designed primarily for acne. It is believed that PDT reduces inflammation and rashes, thus improving skin texture. The treatment lasts an hour to an hour and a half. After the treatment it is absolutely forbidden to expose yourself to the sun for a period ranging from one to three days.

Creams and Gels

The symptoms of Rosacea can be controlled with proper treatment. The most common methods of treatment include treatment with antibiotic gels and creams applied once or twice daily after cleansing the face. This can drastically improve Rosacea.

Metronidazole and azelaic acid are important ingredients found in gels and creams for treating Rosacea and play an active role in controlling the swelling and redness of skin. Some patients can benefit from a combination therapy that consists of alternating metronidazole and azelaic acid, one used in the morning and the other in the evening.

Oral antibiotics

Oral antibiotics are usually prescribed to patients with moderate Rosacea. The tetracyclines, minocycline, doxycycline and amoxicillin are some of the commonly prescribed oral antibiotics that help in reducing inflammation and bumps of Rosacea. Before taking oral antibiotics you need to be aware of the common side effects and possible risks.

The preparations of steroids can also be used occasionally to reduce local inflammation. Light cream can be applied once or twice a day only on irritated areas. But be very cautious while using steroids because prolonged use of steroids can cause eruptions of Rosacea and reddening of the skin around the mouth.

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is rarely prescribed for severe and permanent cases of Rosacea. It is often used after trying other treatments that did not generate satisfactory results. It is chemically related to vitamin A and regulates sebum production. Normally it is given in the form of capsules for a period ranging from four to six months.

Isotretinoin is not typically used for Rosacea because it is often used for the treatment of severe acne and has severe side effects. You require the supervision of a physician and blood tests should be carried out when following a treatment with isotretinoin. As a rule pregnancy is absolutely prohibited during this type of therapy as a child conceived during

Isotretinoin therapy has a lot of probability of being abnormal.

Home remedies for treating Rosacea

Face Wash and Skin Cleansers

In addition to the above, special cleansers for sensitive skin can be helpful in controlling and relieving the symptoms of Rosacea.

One should avoid harsh soaps and lotions and use milder, pure and less irritating products. Patients with Rosacea should also avoid rubbing or scrubbing the skin.

Glycolic peels

In addition to the above ways the peels based on glycolic acid may improve Rosacea in some cases. The chemical peels made by experts are applied for a period ranging from two to five minutes and should be repeated in every two to four weeks.

The peeling should be performed with caution in cases of Rosacea because not all people can tolerate this kind of treatment. A slight tingling, itching or burning may occur after treatment and some patients have reported a scaling for a few days after treatment. The peeling may also irritate sensitive skin and cause rashes in some people.

Sunscreen

Sun exposure is a known to be an aggravating factor for many people suffering from Rosacea. You are advised to protect yourself from the sun with a wide-brimmed hat and sunscreens. Since Rosacea commonly tends to occur in adults with fair skin, it is recommended that these people use a protective lotion daily and avoid sun exposure. The zinc-based sunscreens with SPF 30 or more provide high sun protection and are best for patients suffering from Rosacea.

The severe cases may require a combination of the above approaches like antibacterial face washes accompanied by applying an antibacterial cream in the morning and in the evening and taking an oral antibiotic for acute phases. A series of therapies such as laser, the pulsed light or photodynamic therapy may also be used in combination with the treatments carried out at home. It is recommended to consult a dermatologist for the treatment of Rosacea before banking on any kind of treatment.

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