What Are The 4 Major Types Of Rosacea?

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acneThere are many different skin conditions that affect people such as acne, psoriasis or eczema, but there is one that not that many people know about. If you do have this condition, you are well aware of the symptoms that it can cause.

It can cause you to become very embarrassed because of the redness that will be seen on your face. It can also lead to more complicated problems such as the development of nodules on your nose, or even on your eyes, side effects of this condition that are hard to eliminate.

This skin condition is called rosacea and it is a problem that thousands of people suffer with today. There are actually 4 major types of this condition, all of which lead to a wide variety of problems. There is no known cure as it is not a disease, but there are many treatments that are both natural and medicinal that can help offset what rosacea will do to those that are afflicted.

Let’s begin with an overview of how this condition originates, the many symptoms that each of the four types can cause, and finally show you some potential remedies that people can use to find relief from this skin condition.

What You Should Know About Rosacea

rosaceaThere are a few facts that you should know about rosacea such as it is a chronic and an incurable condition.

It is very common with people that have light complexions, especially those from a European background where this condition is the most dominant.

It can be managed, despite not having an actual cure, and the solution for managing it can differ from person to person. It depends upon what triggers the condition to happen with each individual, but once you are able to find the right treatment, you can live very easily with rosacea.

It most commonly occurs on the central part of the face, specifically on the nose, cheeks and eyes, and flareups can come and go. To understand what triggers rosacea, let’s look at a few of the most common reasons that most people finally discover that they have this skin disorder.

What Triggers Rosacea?

Some of the most common triggers for rosacea include extreme hot or cold weather. You may find yourself out in a snowstorm, or enjoying a warm sunny beach, and suddenly your face will become exceedingly red. It is sometimes confused with acne because acne also causes redness to occur. Likewise, those that have acne will have blemishes, nodules and pimples that will appear, and the same is true for rosacea.

spicy foodsHowever, acne is not triggered by drinking alcohol, or eating spicy or hot foods. It also does not dissipate within a few hours, or sometimes even a few minutes, once the triggering mechanism is gone.

Stress can exacerbate both conditions, but stress is a common catalyst for many of the health problems that we have today.

Your doctor will be able to diagnose if you have acne or rosacea by asking questions and doing a few tests. So what exactly causes rosacea? Is it simply a genetic condition in which blushing is taken to a whole new level? Or is there actually a possible microscopic culprit involved, one that’s perhaps the reason that the redness actually occurs? Here are the latest theories on what could possibly be the causes for rosacea.

What Actually Causes Rosacea To Occur?

dermatologist Modern science has done quite a bit of research on this topic and yet, despite their best efforts, no definitive answer has ever been presented. There are many possibilities, and based upon these possibilities, a dermatologist will prescribe certain treatments.

These probable causes are linked to the precursor event that causes certain symptoms of rosacea to occur.

Some experts believe that it is caused by cathelicidins, and anti-microbial peptide as well as SCTE enzymes. Based upon this diagnosis, a dermatologist will recommend the use of antibiotics because they believe it to be in microbial problem.

However, it might be a little larger than microbes as other people lean toward Demodex mites, mites that will live in your skin that will produce significant amounts of feces. Bacteria in your skin will then react to the feces of the mites, causing the redness to manifest.

This is not to be confused with demodicidosis which is a type of mange, and most certainly not rosacea. Finally, scientists have also considered another type of bacteria which could be causing the problem, but this time it is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

This is assumed if antibiotic therapy did not work, and therefore it could be a bacterial skin condition. As you can see, there are many possibilities as to what could be going on, which is why your physician will need to narrow down exactly what type of rosacea that you have before prescribing a treatment.

There are actually four major types of rosacea, each of which has its own unique appearance, causative triggers, and possible treatments that many people have found to be helpful.

What Are The 4 Major Types Of Rosacea?

rosaceaIn order to determine what type of treatment you should receive, your doctor will identify what type of rosacea you actually have before prescribing a remedy.

There are actually 4 rosacea types that have been identified, actually referred to as subtypes, and it is possible to have more than one of these at the same time.

This makes it even more difficult for a doctor to actually prescribe something that is going to effectively treat this condition.

Ocular Rosacea

The first on the list, and perhaps not the most common, is Ocular rosacea. This will affect your eyelids and eyes, and will appear red in appearance, as well as slightly gritty and inflamed. Your eyes may actually feel very dry and irritated as if you are experiencing some type of allergy.

As with most of the other four subtypes, there can be itching, burning sensations and even stinging. However, with this one, you do have a very unique sensitivity to light. Another problem that may arise is the development of eye infections which can occur much more easily.

It is also the subtype that is most commonly combined with the other three subtypes happening simultaneously. If not treated right away, vision loss could actually occur, especially if your vision has been blurry in conjunction with the redness appearing. This is because it is affecting your cornea, and by getting some type of treatment that can remedy this condition, you can protect your eyes and your ability to see.

Phymatous Rosacea

AlcoholThis type of rosacea is very recognizable, especially with people that have had this for many years. It is a subtype that causes your nose to enlarge, actually thickening the skin and creating nodules which are unsightly.

This is most common with men that drink a significant amount of alcohol on a regular basis, and it can also appear on your chin.

Other people have reported this particular type of rosacea on their ears, eyelids, cheeks and forehead where the skin has become noticeably sick.  You will also be able to see small capillaries near the surface of the skin, which is one of the probable causes for the redness that occurs.

There is a theory that the redness is simply an expansion of the capillaries, therefore showing more redness is simply more blood that is visible due to the expansion of these tiny veins very near the surface of the skin.

Papulopustular Rosacea

This type of rosacea will will cause red bumps, also known as papules or pustules on your face that will last as long as four days. This is the type of rosacea that is often confused with acne because of the bumps that look very similar to pimples.

Only by going to a dermatologist that can tell the difference will you be able to determine if you have acne or this skin disease. Usually it has to do with the amount of redness that is associated with the papules and pustules that appear that allow them to make a conclusive diagnosis.

Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea

RosaceaThis final type of rosacea causes what is called erythema which is a permanent redness that will be noticeable.

And which can become worse depending upon the environment that you are in, the foods and drinks that you are consuming, and also your state of mind.

As mentioned before, if your stress levels are high, you are eating spicy foods, and drinking a significant amount of alcohol, this is what will exacerbate this particular type of rosacea that can actually lead to developing the other subtypes, or at least allowing them to coexist at the same time.

How Do You Treat These Subtypes?

In order to treat these subtypes, your dermatologist will almost always prescribe some type of antibiotic which can be taken orally and also administered topically. This is based upon the assumption that there is some type of bacterial causation involved with the appearance of the redness, but that does not exactly explain the appearance of capillaries which are extremely red and noticeable during the times when rosacea is at its worst.

That’s why your doctor may also prescribe something a little more dramatic such as a laser therapy. The reason for prescribing this particular type of treatment is because they believe that there is something wrong with the way that your skin is functioning at the surface level. This treatment is a type of intense pulsed light, or it could also be a dermatological vascular laser that will target the redness on your skin.

rosaceaThe goal of this treatment is to go after the capillary walls, damaging them, causing them to be then absorbed by your body. These treatments have produced many positive results.

Clearly showing that many of the people that suffer from rosacea are actually experiencing this redness because of capillaries that are overactive, caused by increased blood flow throughout the body, and not mites, microbes or bacteria that other medical professionals have stated.

This treatment option using lasers is often used for three of the four subtypes, with the exception of ocular rosacea because it would damage your eyes. Antibiotics are typically the treatment for ocular rosacea, a treatment that has a high probability of providing relief.

Now that you know the 4 major subtypes of rosacea, what may be causing this skin condition, and the treatment options that are available, you can feel more confident, if you have this skin disorder, that there might be a remedy for you. You simply have to go to your dermatologist to find out whether or not you have acne or rosacea.

Based upon their diagnosis, and the subtype that you have, they will be able to provide you with a possible treatment to end the embarrassment that can be caused by the redness and nodules that can develop on a temporary and permanent basis.

If you are of European dissent, it is likely that you may need to have this type of treatment if you get read very easily. However, by following the dietary recommendations presented, you should be able to keep it from getting out of control. Rosacea is a skin condition that you can treat if you go to your dermatologist. There is always hope for most people that have skin disorders, and there are certainly treatment options for this one.

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