What is Rosacea?


rosacea skin conditionRosacea, a potentially troublesome and chronic skin condition that primarily affects the facial skin. You can easily notice it due to its characteristic remissions and flare-ups.

Major victims of this disorder are people over the age of 30 years and typically begins with some redness on the nose, forehead.

Cheeks and even the chin which occasionally comes and goes. Some people may also experience rosacea on other parts of the body such as the scalp, neck, ears and even the chest.

The condition then worsens by showing off blood vessels which are prominently visible, and becomes more and more persistent. If immediate treatment is not applied, pimples and bumps will start developing and the nose may even begin swelling under severe conditions.

The condition is clinically known as rhinophyma. Most patients who suffer from rosacea may also experience eye problems such as irritation, bloodshot and even the eyes may appear watery.

rosaceaWhile rosacea has the potential to affect any person, the greatest risk lies on those whose skins are a bit fair and tender and are always blushing and flushing quite easily.

Women are the most frequent victims of rosacea though men may suffer from severe cases.

Research has shown that severe symptoms recorded in men is attributed to the fact that men have a tendency of delaying to seek medical attention.

However, the cure for rosacea has not been found to date because scientists have not yet known the cause of the disorder. The only available solution to rosacea is treating its symptoms or sometimes reversing or controlling its signs. If you feel like rosacea is affecting your skin, then you should seek medical attention before it gets worse.

Things to Look For

The signs and symptoms of rosacea varies from one person to another and therefore a general conclusion is hard to deduce. However, most patients have shown some primary symptoms that may help you detect any sign of the disorder.

Primary Signs of Rosacea

The following are some primary signs that shows up in most patients who suffer from rosacea.

Persistent Redness

rosacea rednessYou might have noticed some redness that rather resembles an ordinary sunburn only that it remains persistent.

This could be a sign of rosacea. In some cases, the redness may look like a blush and may also spell a developing rosacea.


Statistics have shown that rosacea patients have reported having a long history of flushing and blushing. This means that if you face starts to redden, then it might be the early stages of rosacea.

Visible Blood Vessels

The skin may display visible blood vessels which is attributed to rosacea. This symptom shows that the disorder has already developed in your skin.

Pimples and Bumps

Some pus-filled pimples and some red solid bumps are a sign of rosacea disorder. These signs differs from typical acne because of absence of blackheads and stinging and burning sensation may also occur.

Other Symptoms

rosacea patientThe above symptoms are actually common among most rosacea patients but some other potential symptoms may include the following.

Dry Appearance

This is characterized by dry and rough facial skin.


Edema or facial swelling may also convoy other rosacea signs or sometimes occur independently.

Eye Irritation

Ocular rosacea may also be another symptom as the eyes of the affected patients becomes watery and sometimes bloodshot. The swelling of the eyelids and reddening is caused by ocular rosacea. Note that this condition is very dangerous and delayed treatment may end up causing permanent blindness.


The unusual changes of the surrounding skin may cause plaques characterized by raised red patches on the skin.

Stinging or Burning

rosacea A feeling of tightness and itching may also develop as a result of rosacea infection.

Types of Rosacea

There are basically four types of rosacea.

Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea. This is the first subtype of rosacea that is described by persistent redness and flushing of the skin and in some cases may show visible blood vessels. Papulopustular Rosacea. It is the second subtype described by transient pimples and bumps with persistent redness.

Phymatous Rosacea. This is classified as the third subtype of rosacea and is depicted by thickening of the skin which results to enlargement of the nose due to extra tissue growth.Ocular Rosacea. This is the fourth subtype of rosacea that is characterized by tearing, swelling of eyelids, dry eyes and other ocular manifestations.


creamDue to the fact that symptoms and signs of rosacea are not universal, each patient should receive medical attention from the dermatologist. The prescription for treatment will vary with reverence to the severity of the disorder.

There are basically three treatment procedures for rosacea namely, oral medication, topical medication cream and laser treatment. The method used to treat the condition as stated above usually depends on the type and severity of the condition.


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